Material Safety Data Sheet RootX Foaming
SECTION 1 - CHEMICAL PRODUCT AND COMPANY IDENTIFICATION
Company Name & Address: General Chemical Company
P.O. Box 7626
1 705 Salem Industrial Drive, N.E.
Salem, Oregon 97303
Emergency Telephone: 800-424-9300 (Chemtrec) or 800-844-4974
Date Prepared: January 1st 2007 Common Name (used on label): RootX
Chemical Name: 2,6-dichlorobenzonitrile Chemical Family: Benzonitrile
Formula: Proprietary Mixture EPA Reg. No.: 68464-1
SECTION 2 - HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS/COMPOSITION
Hazardous Component: %/Wt.: CAS #: TLV* (Units):
2,6-dichlorobenzonitrile (dichlobenil) 0.55% 1194-65-6 Not Established
Silica, Crystalline Quartz >11.00% 1 4464-46-1 10 mg/m3 (respirable)
Sulfamic Acid >4 0.00% 5329-14-6 1 5 mg/m3 (respirable)
*TLV: Threshold Limit Value recommended by the American conference of
Governmental Industrial Hygienists.
SECTION 3 - PHYSICAL DATA
Boiling Point: 270oC (dichlobenil) Density: 2.18 kg/L3
Vapor Pressure: 0.088 Pa @ 20oC (dichlobenil) Solubility: Disperses with H2O
Percent Volatile by Volume: Not determined Vapor Density: Not determined
Evaporation Rate: Not determined Physical State: Solid (Wettable Powder)
Appearance & Odor: White to light brown with a slight aromatic odor.
SECTION 4 - FIRE AND EXPLOSION DATA
Flash Point: 216oC (420oF) Flammable Limits in Air (%/Volume): Lower - Not
Upper - Not Determined
Auto Ignition Temperature: 527OC (980oF)
Extinguishing Media: Water spray, foam or dry chemical
Unusual Fire & Explosion Hazards: Decomposition may form explosive dust-air
mixtures; carbon dioxide and water vapor.
Special Fire Fighting Procedures: As with any fire, wear self-contained
breathing apparatus pressure demand,
MSHA/NIOSH approved (or equivalent) and full protective gear. Keep upwind.
Isolate hazard area. Avoid inhalation of
smoke and fumes. Use water, dry chemical or foam to reduce fumes. Do not
touch spilled material. If possible, move
containers from area. Extinguish only if flow can be stopped. Use flooding
amounts of water as a fog. Cool containers with
flooding amounts of water from as far a distance as possible. Avoid
SECTION 5 - HEALTH INFORMATION
Primary Routes of Exposure: Inhalation, eye and skin contact.
Signs and Symptoms of Exposure -
Acute Overexposure: Other than the possibility of slight to moderate eye
irritation, no other acute health hazards
have been identified. Chronic inhalation may cause lung irritation to
individuals with respiratory problems. Individuals with
respiratory problems should avoid inhalation exposure.
Chronic Overexposure: In studies with laboratory animals, virtually pure
grade (96%+) dichlobenil had a
developmental toxicity No Observable Effect Level (“NOEL”) of 20 mg/kg/day.
For reproductive toxicity, (96%+) dichlobenil
had a reproductive toxicity NOEL of 17.5 mg/kg/day. Analysis of chronic
feeding studies in rats and mice with dichlobenil
resulted in the conclusion that diclobenil’s potential to induce
carcinogenicity in experimental animals is low and that the
likelihood of carcinogenic effects in humans is nonexistent or extremely
low. Long-term feeding studies, conducted at
exaggerated dose levels, resulted in increased kidney and liver weights. An
overall absence of genotoxicity has been
demonstrated in mutagenicity testing on dichlobenil.
Repeated overexposure to crystalline silica (a naturally occurring component
of sand and inorganic soils) for extended periods
has caused acute silicosis. IARC has classified crystalline silica, inhaled
in the form of quartz or cristobalite from occupational
sources as a carcinogen to humans (group 1). NTP has classified crystalline
silica (quartz, cristobalite and tridymite) as
“reasonably anticipated to be carcinogenic”.
Carcinogenicity (pure dichlobenil): NTP - No IARC - N0 OSHA - No EPA -
Carcinogenicity (crystalline silica): NTP - Anticipated IARC - Yes
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Medical Conditions Aggravated by Exposure: None currently known for RootX.
Medical Conditions Aggravated by Overexposure: Slight to moderate eye
Toxicology Information for RootX: Acute Oral LD50 = >5,000 mg/kg; Acute
Dermal LD50 = >2,000 mg/kg; Acute Inhalation LC50 = > 2 mg/liter; Acute Eye
Irritation = slightly to moderately irritating; Acute Dermal Irritation =
None to slight irritation; Dermal Sensitization = Not a dermal sensitizer.
Acute studies with RootX place the product in EPA categories III & IV -
slight acute toxicity to virtually non-toxic.
First Aid Procedures: If Swallowed - Call a poison control center or doctor
immediately for advice. Have a person sip a glass of water if able to
swallow. Do not induce vomiting unless told to do so by a poison control
center or doctor. Do not give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. If
On Skin - If on skin or clothing, take of contaminated clothing. Rinse
immediately with plenty of water for 15 to 20 minutes. Call a poison control
center or doctor for treatment advice. If Inhaled - Move victim to fresh
air. If person is not breathing, call 911 or an ambulance, then give
artificial respiration, preferably mouth-to-mouth if possible. Call a poison
control center or doctor for further treatment. If In Eyes - Hold eyes open
and rinse slowly and gently with water for 15-20 minutes. Remove contact
lenses, if present, after
the first 5 minutes, then continue rinsing eye. Call a poison control center
or doctor for treatment advice.
Note to Physician: Probable mucosal damage may contraindicate the use of
gastric lavage. Measures against circulatory shock, respiratory depression
and convulsions may be needed.
Worker Exposure: The EPA requirements for concern exist when the MOE (Margin
of Exposure) are less than 100 for dermal exposure and 300 for inhalation
exposure. An analysis of the exposure associated with the use of RootX
demonstrate the dermal and inhalation MOE to be between 38,050 and 253,664.
Thus, the use of RootX according to labeled use directions far exceed the
MOE concerns established by EPA for dichlobenil.
SECTION 6 - REACTIVITY DATA
Stability: Stable at ambient temperatures and pressures. Conditions to
Avoid: Strong alkalis.
Polymerization: Will not occur.
Hazardous Decomposition Products: Thermal decomposition or unscheduled
contact between both components of RootX may cause build-up of Carbon
SECTION 7 - SPILL OR LEAK PROCEDURES
Storage: Do not contaminate water, food or food by storage or disposal.
Store in a cool, dry place. Do not store with propagative structures such as
seed, bulbs, tubers, nursery stock, etc., or with food or feed products or
high alkali materials.
Spills: Vacuum up to avoid creating dust. Transfer into secure disposable
containers. Use personal protective equipment as outlined in Section 8.
Reportable quantity for spills of RootX is 9,000 pounds.
Disposal: Wastes resulting from the use of this product may be disposed of
on site according to labeled use directions, or at a Federal, state and
local waste approved facility. For normal use and container/pesticide
disposal, please refer to the product labeling for proper disposal.
Environmental Information: For terrestrial uses, do not use near a well or
where drinking water is stored. Do not apply directly to water (except as
specified on the label) or to areas where surface water is present or to
intertidal areas below the mean high water mark. Do not contaminate water
when disposing of equipment, wash water or rinsate.
Tests on Bluegill sunfish, Rainbow trout, and Large-mouth bass demonstrate
the LC50 values to be between 15 and 30 ppm. Adult Quail LC50 value = 1,000
ppm. These data indicate that dichlobenil is not toxic to aquatic and avian
SECTION 8 - PERSONAL PROTECTION INFORMATION
Respiratory Protection: Dust mask. Gloves: Rubber (impervious) gloves.
Eye Protection: Chemical resistant splash goggles, safety glasses or
full-face shield (for spill or leak cleanups).
Ventilation: General of local exhaust to maintain exposure below established
Other Protective Clothing: Long-sleeved shirt, long-pants, shoes & socks and
for spill clean-ups, a chemical resistant apron is recommended.
SECTION 9 - OTHER INFORMATION
Hygiene: As with any pesticidal product, always wash hands before eating,
drinking, chewing gum, using tobacco or using the toilet. Always clean and
maintain personal protective equipment.
National Fire Protective Association Ratings (Rating level: 4 = Extreme; 3 =
High; 2 = Moderate;
1 = Slight; 0 = Minimum).
NFPA Health: 1 NFPA Flammability: 0 Reactivity Hazards: 1
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency:
SARA 313 - Yes
Proposition 65 - Yes